Technology is changing, and what worked 10 years before may not work now, and the biggest challenge for programmers is to keep themselves up-to-date. Good knowledge of popular frameworks and libraries goes a long way in developing a new application.
It’s particularly important for experienced programmers as it’s expected from them that they know the latest and most excellent tools for application development.
Here is a list of 7 popular frameworks which you can look forward to learning in 2023. They have changed how you develop a web application in recent times, particularly Angular and React JS, and this is probably the right time to get familiar with them.
1. Spring Boot
I have been using the Spring framework for many years; hence, when I first introduced it with Spring Boot, I was astonished by a relative lack of configuration. Writing a Spring-based Java application using Spring Boot was as simple as writing a core Java application using the main() method.
Even though I have tried Spring Boot, I have yet to learn many things, and that’s why it’s on my list of things to learn in 2023 for a long time.
If you are itching to try something new, other than Spring boot for your new shiny, cloud-based Microservices then you can try either Quarkus or Micronaut. While both of them are not as mature as Spring Boot there are many good reasons to learn and use them for your new Java Microservice project.
For example, Quarkus offer the following great things compared to Spring Boot,
- They have a low memory footprint compared to Spring Boot.
- Hot reloading (in dev mode) is awesome for developers.
- There are plenty of modules. (https://code.quarkus.io)
- Quarkus Compile-time wiring, (unlike Spring’s runtime wiring).
- It has a fast startup (Kubectl deploy restart comes out in less than a sec).
So there are plenty of reasons to learn and explore Quarkus and MicroNaut, they are not as mature and time-tested as Spring Boot but they definitely offer good performance and developer-friendly stuff.
3. Spring Cloud (Microservices)
Developing applications for the cloud has its own challenges, and Spring Cloud aims to solve those. It provides tools for Java developers to quickly build some of the common patterns of cloud-based applications, like configuration management, service discovery, circuit breaks, client-side load balancing, intelligent routing, distributed sessions, etc.
When you develop a cloud-based Java application, you don’t need to worry about Hardware, installing the operating system, database, and other software. However, your app still needs those to function.
Cloud providers like Cloud-Found and Heroku provide those services to you, but you need to do a lot of work to access those services, and that’s where Spring Cloud helps.
It provides a simple and efficient cloud connector to access those services by abstracting all cloud-specific details, which means you can access those essential services in the cloud just like you do in a non-cloud environment like you can connect to a database by just knowing host and port and login credentials.
The web development world is divided between Angular and React, and it’s up to you what you choose. Most of the time, it’s dictated by circumstances; for example, if you are working on a React-based project, then obviously you need to learn React.
5. Apache Spark
This is one of the best big data frameworks that is gaining popularity. Apache Spark is a fast, in-memory data processing engine with elegant and expressive development APIs to allow data workers to efficiently execute streaming, machine learning, or SQL workloads that require fast iterative access to datasets.
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