Since the use of programming languages is so extremely high in today’s market, one could say that learning programming is a solid and marketable skill to have—not only for employees but also for free birds. Today, many people working on their professional development learn programming languages to become freelancers and their own bosses.
Some of them are much more versatile and commonly used than others. Of course, once you learn one language, you can learn another one in a reasonable time, as the logic is the same. However, learning a new programming language from scratch and becoming a top-notch specialist takes a lot of precious time.
So, in order to remedy the just-starting-out confusion, we have created a ranking of the 5 best programming languages to learn in today’s job market. These languages have been selected because of the high demand and widespread range of applications. If you choose to learn any of these languages, you will be working on your professional development and you will be doing yourself a great service in marketability. So without further ado, let’s figure out which languages are best to start with, and why.
Python is versatile in its applications. With the use of this language, you can build websites, program artificial intelligence, and implement machine learning. Python code can automate tasks, or perform data analysis and show you the results either visually or in numbers.
Python can also serve to analyze data and conduct research. Therefore, it is useful both to software developers and academic researchers.
No wonder that as an open, transparent, democratic language with an almost unlimited scope of applications, Python is beloved in the world of Data Science and in multiple industries. It is a real lingua franca in the IT industry. Strategically, it is a great choice as an element of your professional development as well professional portfolio. So, if you are unsure about your future professional plans, Python is a good first line of choice to learn to program.
Some examples of Python applications include:
- Artificial intelligence and machine learning
- Data Analytics
- Data visualisation
- Apps (including Dropbox and Pinterest)
- Adding interactive features to websites
- Making web and mobile apps
- Building web servers and their applications
- Game development
Java is the most widely used object-oriented programming language. Java is a fairly versatile language despite it being primarily used for mobile device applications. Remember the mention of VCR programming earlier? The Java language is used there. Have you ever heard of or used Spotify or Twitter on your Android device? Those are Java applications.
Java developers boast that over 3 billion devices run their language. It is also known as the best language if you are looking to communicate between devices; otherwise known as the Internet of Things (or, IoT) applications. As you can see, Java can be used in a large variety of situations.
Some examples of Java applications include:
- Mobile apps
- Desktop GUI
- Web-Based apps (LinkedIn or AliExpress)
- Game development (Minecraft)
- Big data technologies
- Cloud apps
- IoT apps
4. C and C++
C is one of the older programming languages. It was a successor to the programming language B. C++ was built as an extension of C. C++ is actually short for “C with classes.” Its main benefit as a programming language is high performance achieved in a memory-efficient manner.
C++ is the king of programming languages when it comes to programming video games. All the major consoles read C++ code. Therefore, if you are planning to create high-end video games, this may be the language for you. Despite it being heavily associated with video games, C++ is probably the most versatile language around. Apple and Microsoft both use C++ in their Operating systems. Internet browsers are mostly built with C++ as well.
Some examples of C++ applications include:
- Video Games
- GUI apps (Adobe, WinAmp)
- Database software (MySQL)
- Operating Systems (Microsoft Windows, iOS)
- Browsers (Mozilla Firefox, Chrome)
- Graphic processing
- Banking apps
- Cloud Apps
Lastly, let’s talk about Swift. Swift is a specific programming language created because of the tech giant company Apple and designed specifically for Apple products. While it was built to have non-Apple uses as well, today it is primarily known as the Apple language. If you are an Apple person and you are willing to program on the ridiculously large platform that is Apple, this could be a great language for you to learn. While Learning you will work on your professional development. Its uses include:
Some examples of Swift applications include:
- iPhone and iPad apps
- macOS apps
- Apple Watch apps
- Apple TV apps
- Web services and apps